What Bugs Can Bearded Dragons Eat


Bearded dragons are popular pets known for their docile nature and unique appearance. These reptiles, native to Australia, require a balanced diet to thrive in captivity. While vegetables and fruits make up a significant portion of their diet, bugs are a crucial source of protein and other essential nutrients. In this article, we will explore the different types of bugs that bearded dragons can eat, their nutritional benefits, and how to incorporate them into their diet.

Choosing the Right Bugs

When selecting bugs for your bearded dragon, it is essential to choose safe and nutritious options. Some bugs are toxic and can harm your pet, while others may lack the necessary nutrients. Here are four common types of bugs that are safe and suitable for bearded dragons:


Crickets are a staple in a bearded dragon's diet due to their high protein content and ease of availability. These insects are rich in calcium and are an excellent source of hydration due to their high moisture content. Crickets are also relatively easy to breed, making them a cost-effective option for feeding your bearded dragon.

To ensure optimal nutrition, it is essential to gut-load crickets before feeding them to your pet. Gut-loading involves feeding the crickets nutrient-rich foods, such as leafy greens or commercial cricket food, for 24 to 48 hours before feeding them to your dragon. This process ensures that the nutrients from the crickets are passed on to your pet.


Jane, a bearded dragon owner, noticed that her pet was not as active as usual. After consulting with a veterinarian, she realized that her dragon's diet lacked sufficient protein. Jane introduced gut-loaded crickets into her pet's diet, and within a few weeks, she noticed a significant improvement in its energy levels and overall health.

Dubia Roaches

Dubia roaches are another popular choice for bearded dragon owners due to their nutritional profile and ease of digestion. These roaches have a high protein content and are low in fat, making them an excellent choice for maintaining a healthy weight in your pet. Additionally, Dubia roaches are rich in chitin, a substance that aids in the shedding process for bearded dragons.

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One advantage of feeding Dubia roaches is that they do not make noise or smell, making them a more pleasant option for those who are sensitive to odors or live in apartments. They also have a longer lifespan compared to crickets, reducing the frequency of purchasing new bugs.


Mark, a first-time bearded dragon owner, was concerned about the noise and smell associated with feeding crickets. After doing some research, he discovered Dubia roaches as an alternative. Mark found that his pet readily accepted the roaches and experienced no issues with shedding. He also appreciated how convenient it was to have a long-lasting supply.


Mealworms are a common choice for bearded dragon owners due to their high protein and moderate fat content. These bugs are easily accessible and can be purchased from pet stores or bred at home. However, it is crucial to consider the size of the mealworms when feeding them to your bearded dragon. Large mealworms can be challenging for young dragons to digest and may lead to impaction.

To avoid this issue, it is recommended to feed small or medium-sized mealworms and ensure that they are properly gut-loaded before feeding them to your pet. Some owners also choose to offer mealworms as an occasional treat rather than a regular part of their dragon's diet.


Sarah, a bearded dragon enthusiast, decided to introduce mealworms into her pet's diet as an occasional treat. She noticed that her dragon exhibited high excitement whenever she offered them. However, Sarah was careful to monitor her pet's consumption to prevent overfeeding, ensuring a healthy and balanced diet overall.


Silkworms are a nutritious and delicious choice for bearded dragons. They are low in fat and high in protein, making them an ideal option for maintaining a healthy weight. Silkworms also contain essential amino acids and vitamins that contribute to a well-rounded diet for bearded dragons.

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In addition to their nutritional benefits, silkworms are easy to digest, making them suitable for bearded dragons with sensitive stomachs. They are available in various sizes, allowing you to choose the appropriate size for your dragon's age and size.


Mike, a bearded dragon owner with a young dragon, struggled with finding a bug that was easily digestible and nutritious. After some research, he discovered silkworms and decided to introduce them into his pet's diet. Mike noticed a significant improvement in his dragon's digestion and overall energy levels, leading to a happier and healthier pet.

Supplementing Your Bearded Dragon's Diet

While bugs are an essential component of a bearded dragon's diet, they should not be the sole source of nutrition. It is crucial to supplement their bug intake with a variety of vegetables and fruits to ensure a balanced diet. Here are four important factors to consider when supplementing your dragon's diet:


Calcium is a vital mineral for bearded dragons, contributing to bone health and preventing metabolic bone disease. To ensure an adequate calcium intake, you can dust the bugs with a calcium supplement before feeding them to your pet. Additionally, providing access to a calcium supplement in a separate dish can allow your dragon to regulate its intake as needed.

Vitamin D3

Vitamin D3 is necessary for the absorption of calcium. Bearded dragons can naturally produce vitamin D3 when exposed to UVB lighting. It is crucial to provide your dragon with proper lighting to promote vitamin D3 synthesis. Alternatively, you can add a vitamin D3 supplement to your pet's diet.

Variety of Vegetables

Bearded dragons should consume a variety of vegetables to obtain a wide range of nutrients. Leafy greens, such as kale, collard greens, and mustard greens, are excellent choices due to their high nutritional value. Other vegetables, such as squash, bell peppers, and carrots, can also be included in their diet.


While bugs are essential, it is crucial to feed them in moderation. Overfeeding bugs can lead to obesity and other health issues. As a general guideline, bugs should make up approximately 20-30% of your dragon's diet, with the remaining portion consisting of vegetables and fruits.

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In conclusion, bugs play a vital role in the diet of bearded dragons, providing essential nutrients and protein. By choosing safe and nutritious bugs, such as crickets, Dubia roaches, mealworms, and silkworms, you can ensure a healthy and balanced diet for your pet. Additionally, supplementing their bug intake with a variety of vegetables and fruits is essential for optimal nutrition. Remember to provide calcium and vitamin D3 supplements, as well as UVB lighting, to promote proper calcium absorption. By following these guidelines, you can ensure the well-being and longevity of your bearded dragon companion.


What bugs can bearded dragons eat?

Bearded dragons can eat a variety of bugs as part of their diet. Some common bugs that can be fed to bearded dragons include crickets, mealworms, superworms, dubia roaches, and hornworms.

FAQ 1: How often should I feed my bearded dragon bugs?

Answer: Baby bearded dragons should be fed insects daily, while juvenile and adult bearded dragons can be fed insects every other day.

FAQ 2: Can bearded dragons eat wild-caught bugs?

Answer: It is not recommended to feed wild-caught bugs to bearded dragons as they may be exposed to pesticides or parasites. It is safer to provide commercially bred insects.

FAQ 3: Can bearded dragons eat spiders?

Answer: It is generally not recommended to feed bearded dragons spiders as some species may be toxic or carry harmful bacteria.

FAQ 4: Can bearded dragons eat fireflies?

Answer: No, it is highly dangerous to feed bearded dragons fireflies as they contain toxins that can be lethal for these reptiles.

FAQ 5: Can bearded dragons eat earthworms?

Answer: While earthworms are not harmful to bearded dragons, they are not a preferred food source as they have a high fat content. It is better to feed them insects with a healthier nutritional profile.

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