How To Take Care Of Bearded Dragons


Taking care of a bearded dragon can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. These unique reptiles make wonderful pets, but they require specific care and attention to thrive. In this article, we will explore the essential aspects of caring for a bearded dragon, including their habitat, diet, health, and handling. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your bearded dragon lives a long, healthy, and happy life.


The Right Enclosure

Providing a suitable habitat for your bearded dragon is crucial to their overall well-being. The enclosure should be spacious enough for them to move around comfortably. A 40-gallon tank is a good starting point for a young bearded dragon, but as they grow, you may need to upgrade to a larger enclosure.

Temperature and Lighting

Bearded dragons are cold-blooded reptiles and require specific temperatures to regulate their body heat. The enclosure should have a temperature gradient, with a basking spot that reaches around 100°F (38°C) and a cooler area around 80°F (27°C). To achieve these temperatures, you will need a heat lamp or ceramic heater.

Additionally, bearded dragons require UVB lighting to synthesize vitamin D3, which is essential for their bone health. Make sure to provide a UVB light source that covers at least two-thirds of the enclosure.


A Balanced Diet

Proper nutrition is vital for the health and growth of a bearded dragon. They are omnivorous and require a balanced diet that includes both plant matter and insects. The ideal ratio is approximately 80% plant matter and 20% insects.

Vegetables and Fruits

Leafy greens such as collard greens, mustard greens, and dandelion greens should form the bulk of your bearded dragon's plant-based diet. These greens are high in calcium and other essential nutrients. Other suitable vegetables include squash, bell peppers, and carrots.

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Fruits should be fed sparingly due to their high sugar content. Blueberries, raspberries, and papaya make excellent occasional treats for your bearded dragon.


Bearded dragons are avid insect hunters and thrive on a diet of live insects. Appropriate insect options include crickets, dubia roaches, mealworms, and phoenix worms. When offering insects, make sure they are of an appropriate size for your bearded dragon's age and avoid feeding them insects found in the wild, as they may carry parasites.


To ensure your bearded dragon receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals, it is essential to supplement their diet. Calcium and multivitamin supplements should be provided according to the instructions on the packaging. Dusting the insects with calcium powder before feeding them to your bearded dragon is a common practice.


Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Just like any other pet, bearded dragons need regular veterinary care. It is recommended to schedule an annual check-up to ensure your bearded dragon's health is in optimal condition. During these visits, the veterinarian will examine them for any signs of illness, provide necessary vaccinations, and offer advice on their overall care.

Common Health Issues

Bearded dragons can be susceptible to various health issues, including metabolic bone disease, respiratory infections, and parasites. It is crucial to monitor their behavior, appetite, and physical appearance for any signs of illness. Some common signs of health problems include lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, and breathing difficulties.

Hygiene and Cleaning

Maintaining a clean and hygienic environment is essential for your bearded dragon's health. The enclosure should be spot cleaned daily, removing any feces and uneaten food. A thorough cleaning of the enclosure should be done at least once a month, using a reptile-safe disinfectant.

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Handling and Interaction

Taming and Bonding

Bearded dragons can be tamed and become accustomed to human interaction with time and patience. Start by offering them food from your hand and gradually progress to gentle handling. Regular, gentle handling will help them become comfortable with you and create a bond.


Bearded dragons can benefit from socialization with other pets and humans. However, it is crucial to supervise any interactions to ensure the safety of all parties involved. Introduce them gradually and monitor their behavior for any signs of stress or aggression.

Safe Handling Techniques

When handling a bearded dragon, it is important to support their entire body to avoid causing injury. Never grab or squeeze them, as this can lead to stress and potential harm. Instead, use both hands to gently lift them, supporting their underside and allowing their legs to rest on your palms.


Caring for a bearded dragon requires attention to their habitat, diet, health, and handling. By providing a suitable enclosure, a balanced diet, regular veterinary care, and proper handling techniques, you can ensure that your bearded dragon thrives and lives a happy, healthy life. Remember to always do thorough research and consult with experts to ensure you are meeting all the specific needs of your bearded dragon. With the right knowledge and care, your bearded dragon will become a beloved and fascinating companion.


Q: How often should I feed my bearded dragon?
A: Adult bearded dragons should be fed once a day, while juveniles should be fed twice a day.

Q: What should I feed my bearded dragon?
A: Bearded dragons require a mix of vegetables, fruits, and insects to have a balanced diet. Some suitable options include collard greens, carrots, and crickets.

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Q: How often should I clean the enclosure?
A: The enclosure should be spot cleaned daily to remove feces and uneaten food, and a deep clean should be done once a month.

Q: What is the ideal temperature for a bearded dragon's enclosure?
A: The basking spot should maintain a temperature of around 95°F (35°C), while the cool side should be around 80°F (27°C).

Q: How important is UVB lighting for a bearded dragon?
A: UVB lighting is crucial for bearded dragons as it helps them metabolize calcium and prevents the development of metabolic bone disease.

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