How To Handle A Bearded Dragon

*Note: This article is a guide for pet owners who want to learn how to handle their bearded dragons. It provides essential information on the proper way to handle these reptiles, ensuring their well-being and safety.*


Welcome to the world of bearded dragons! These fascinating reptiles make wonderful pets, but it's essential to know how to handle them properly. This article aims to guide you through the process of handling a bearded dragon, providing you with valuable tips and techniques to ensure their comfort and safety. Whether you're a new bearded dragon owner or simply looking to enhance your handling skills, this comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge you need.

Understanding Bearded Dragons

Before we delve into the specifics of handling, it's crucial to understand the nature of bearded dragons. These reptiles are native to Australia and are known for their calm and friendly temperament. However, they can become stressed or agitated if mishandled or exposed to unfamiliar situations. By familiarizing yourself with their behaviors and preferences, you'll be better equipped to provide them with a secure and comfortable environment.

Body Language and Behavior

Bearded dragons communicate through body language, which pet owners must learn to interpret. Understanding their behavior will help you gauge their comfort level and ensure a positive handling experience. Here are a few key indicators to look for:

1. Head Bobbing and Arm Waving: Bearded dragons may perform these actions to display dominance or as a sign of aggression. It's crucial to avoid handling them during these displays as it may lead to stress or even bites.
2. Glass Surfing: If your bearded dragon repeatedly runs against the enclosure's glass, it may be a sign of stress or a desire for more space. Avoid handling them until they calm down and provide a larger enclosure if necessary.
3. Puffing Up: When feeling threatened, bearded dragons puff up their bodies to appear larger. It's crucial to approach them gently and avoid sudden movements to prevent triggering this defensive behavior.

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Creating a Safe Environment

Providing a comfortable and secure environment is essential for bearded dragons' well-being. Here are a few tips to ensure their enclosure is suitable for handling:

- Temperature and Lighting: Bearded dragons require both heat and UVB lighting to thrive. Ensure the enclosure is properly heated and that they have access to a UVB light source for at least 10-12 hours a day.
- Substrate Choice: Opt for a safe and non-toxic substrate, such as reptile carpet or ceramic tiles, to avoid ingestion and impaction risks.
- Hiding Spots: Bearded dragons appreciate having hiding spots within their enclosure to retreat to when feeling stressed or overwhelmed. Provide a couple of suitable hiding spots, such as caves or logs.
- Cage Size: The enclosure should be large enough for your bearded dragon to move around comfortably. As a general guide, a 40-gallon tank is adequate for adult bearded dragons.

Preparing for Handling

Now that you have a good understanding of bearded dragons and have set up an appropriate enclosure, it's time to prepare for handling. Following these steps will help ensure a positive experience for both you and your pet:

Wash Your Hands

Before handling your bearded dragon, always wash your hands thoroughly with mild soap and warm water. This step removes any residue or smells that may stress or irritate your pet. Avoid using hand sanitizers or strong-smelling soaps, as they can be harmful to reptiles.

Approach with Confidence and Consistency

Bearded dragons respond well to confident and consistent handling. Approach them slowly and gently, using the same method every time. Erratic movements and sudden gestures can startle them, leading to stress or defensive reactions.

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Handling Techniques

There are several safe and effective handling techniques that you can use to interact with your bearded dragon. The following techniques will help you establish trust and ensure a positive experience for both you and your pet:

Supporting the Body

Supporting your bearded dragon's body correctly is crucial to prevent injury and discomfort. When picking them up, use both hands to gently support their body. Place one hand under the chest area, near the front legs, and the other hand under their hindquarters, supporting their tail.

Hand Walking

Hand walking is a technique used to allow your bearded dragon to explore while being gently guided by your hand. Place your hand in front of your bearded dragon, allowing them to walk onto it. Slowly move your hand forward, creating a safe and controlled environment for them to explore.

Lap Time

Bearded dragons enjoy basking in the warmth and security of their owner's lap. Place a soft towel or blanket on your lap, creating a comfortable area for your pet to relax. Gently place your bearded dragon on your lap, allowing them to enjoy the warmth and the soothing sensation of your presence.

Bonding Through Handling

Handling your bearded dragon regularly not only helps build trust but also strengthens the bond between you and your pet. Spend time each day interacting with them, using gentle strokes and soft talking to create a positive association. Gradually increase the duration of handling sessions to give your bearded dragon time to acclimate.


Handling a bearded dragon can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By understanding their behavior, creating a safe environment, and using appropriate handling techniques, you can ensure your pet's well-being and foster a strong bond. Remember to be patient, consistent, and always prioritize your bearded dragon's comfort. With time and practice, you'll become a confident and proficient bearded dragon handler, providing your pet with the love and care they deserve.

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*Additional Resources:*
- [Bearded Dragon Care Sheet](
- [Handling Techniques Video](


1. What should I feed my bearded dragon?
- Bearded dragons are omnivores, so they require a balanced diet consisting of both insects and vegetables. Feed them a variety of insects such as crickets, mealworms, and dubia roaches, along with leafy greens and vegetables like kale, collard greens, and butternut squash.

2. How often should I clean my bearded dragon's enclosure?
- It is recommended to perform routine spot cleaning of your bearded dragon's enclosure daily by removing any feces or uneaten food. A thorough cleaning of the entire enclosure should be done once a month.

3. How do I handle my bearded dragon?
- When handling your bearded dragon, it's important to approach them calmly and confidently. Support their body and limbs with your hands and avoid grabbing or squeezing them. Start with short handling sessions and gradually increase the duration as they become more comfortable.

4. How do I provide proper heating for my bearded dragon?
- Bearded dragons require a temperature gradient in their enclosure. Use a heat lamp or ceramic heat emitter to provide a basking spot with a temperature between 95-105°F (35-40°C) and a cooler side around 75-85°F (24-29°C). Ensure there is a heat source available 24/7 to meet their thermoregulation needs.

5. Do bearded dragons need UVB lighting?
- Yes, bearded dragons require UVB lighting to metabolize calcium and maintain overall health. Use a UVB bulb specifically designed for reptiles and place it within the enclosure. The UVB bulb should be replaced every 6-12 months to ensure it remains effective.

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